Many modern agricultural and forestry practices are unsustainable, leading to soil degradation, aquifer-impairment, deforestation and loss of biodiversity, among other negative impacts. However, the world will need more food, wood and other products from fields and forests. Human rights and the rights of nature are becoming part of the conversation. For example, the German Supply Chain Act, which went into effect in January 2023, requires companies of a certain size to take steps to identify and prevent human rights and environmental violations in their supply chains. Agriculture and forestry impact the lives of billions around the world, who depend on them for income and sustenance, whose needs need to be considered as we seek to advance sustainability goals. On this panel we examine approaches to the challenges faced by agriculture and forestry, such as regenerative agriculture, agroforestry, and technological innovation, and discuss relevant policy implications and practicable steps forward.